When it comes to installing a new driveway at your property, or resurfacing your existing one, you may find you hear a lot of terminology being bandied about. This can easily leave a surfacing novice unsure as to what you’re looking for, or what’s being recommended to you by a contractor. To keep things clear and easy to understand, we’ve put together this glossary of some commonly used driveway and paving terms to help you out.
Aggregate Aggregate is a mixture of materials such as crushed stone, sand and rock. It can be used in a variety of construction jobs, according to the aggregate’s size, type and grade/quality.
Asphalt Bituminous asphalt concrete, often simply known as asphalt, is a material often used to surface driveways, car parks and roads. It is composed of aggregates mixed with the sticky, thick binder that is asphalt/bitumen.
Block paving A decorative paving method whereby bricks are laid in interlocking formations/patterns. Bricks are generally either made from clay or concrete.
Cement Cement is a binding material which sets hard, sticking other materials together. Generally, cement is composed mainly from limestone and clay which, when mixed with water, sets off a chemical reaction causing the material to solidify.
Compaction This is a process whereby a material, such as asphalt or gravel, is compressed. This removes any air voids and increases the strength and stability of the surfacing.
Concrete Many people incorrectly use concrete and cement interchangeably; they are, however, distinct materials. Concrete is typically made up from sand, gravel, cement and water which sets into a strong, hard building material. It is often used in roads and pavements.
Grading Also known as regrading or levelling, grading is where a portion of land is raised or lowered. This is often completed to create a smooth, level, usable surface or to enhance drainage.
Gravel An array of small rocks and rock fragments. Gravel can be made from different stones, can come in different sizes and be processed or unprocessed.
Line painting The process of painting road markings or other such markings – for example, those used in car parks, playgrounds or warehouses.
The process whereby a new layer of asphalt is poured over your existing surfacing. This is a common way to renew a surface and does away with the need for removing the current paving material.
Resin bound paving is a form of permeable, flexible surfacing. It is made from mixing together small aggregate stones and resin.
Also known as sealcoating, this process is where a protective layer is applied to your paving material. This could be used to strengthen the paving, make it resistant to the elements or to UV rays. This can also be used for aesthetic purposes to make a surfacing look new again.
A layer of crushed stone, gravel, or other such byproducts, which form a foundation for laying a stable surfacing. This would be the first layer used when creating surfaces such as pavements and roads.
UK Surfacings Ltd is a professional surfacing company operating across South London. We have the experience and skill to carry out a wide array of surfacing work, from installing and repairing driveways to resurfacing and line marking jobs. With over 30 years of industry experience, you can trust UK Surfacing Ltd to carry out a consistently high standard of work and at a competitive price. For expert advice or further information about our services, get in touch with our helpful team today.
Tony was absolutely brilliant, first class service from start to finish. The guys were hardworking, polite, punctual and everything you could wish for when employing a contractor.
13:57 28 Jun 21
Came on time, work completed to an excellent standard, very pleased with the results from this happy helpful team.
19:49 09 Feb 21
UK Surfacing were very helpful, informative, and co-operative throughout planning and laying of our replacement driveway. We were kept updated of progress before and during the project.Tony listened to our ideas and enhanced them with his own to produce an excellent new drive. We discussed kerb stones and edging blocks which were no trouble at all to add or amend as the job rolled out.The old drive had to be excavated deeply into very heavy clay. Base was laid carefully and meticulously as were the asphalt layers.If the guys arrived early, they sat quietly in their van WITHOUT the engine running. They did NOT spend time on their phones during the day and consistently worked hard without rushing. They were polite to us, and neighbours noted their politeness when they passed. They kept the area as clean as possible while working and left the site tidy and clean at the end of the job.Highly Recommended!
15:38 09 Feb 21
Pleasure using these guys. Friendly, but very hard working with a high standard achieved. Very pleased with the job done.
15:37 09 Feb 21
Responded promptly to request, offered sound advice (compared with others we contacted) and sensible price for re-surfacing our long, winding driveway. Did work with care, following up a week later to tidy any rough spots. Thoroughly recommended.
16:33 23 Oct 20
They did our Resin drive. Tony and his team were thoroughly professional, very competitive price, excellent work. Would highly recommend.
19:37 20 Oct 20
Tony from UK Surfacing was particularly helpful and was most responsive and patiently answered all my queries and concerns regarding our driveway.The team that attended were all punctual, polite and incredibly tidy. The work was done to a standard that was better than I had hoped for and everyone that has seen the finished result has been really impressed.When you use a company for the first time, it’s always a concern, Will they turn up? Will the work be done to a high standard ? Will they do what they say they’re going to do and when they say it ? In answer to all these I can say they most certainly did.Tony went out of his way to keep us informed about what was happening and when.Highly recommended.
18:24 20 Oct 20
I have used Tony and his team on many occasions, and have found them to be excellent in all aspects of their work, from the initial pricing, to finishing the job, and leaving everything clear and clean.
21:57 17 Nov 19
Superb job done to restore my crazy paving. Tony and his team were excellent. I will definitely use UK Surfacing again. Highly recommended :)
13:41 20 Sep 19
Brilliant job!Tony kept me updated the whole way from start to finish!Big thank you to his team for the job they've done on my driveway.Absolute pleasure to deal with!I'll definitely recommend their services!
17:30 23 Jul 19
Excellent service. Will definitely use again.
16:09 04 Jul 19
Excellent service, I would highly recommend!
15:37 17 May 19
Excellent, professional job. Very happy with the end result - our garage entrance is quite a slope - so extra care, attention and effort was required to lay the asphalt well. All clearing and preparation of the slope was done quickly and efficiently. The 'team' were great and got on with the task in hand. (offer of couple of 'cups of tea' - that always helps too : )I would recommend them very highly.
18:53 23 Jan 19
Excellent workmanship, great people to deal with - a decent family business. Lovely team who were tidy, courteous and professional. The Tarmac world seems to be rife with less than professional companies but UK Surfacings stand out for all the right reasons.
10:27 11 Jan 19
Very good workmanship and reasonably priced. Excellent service.
20:23 30 May 18
So happy with my drive! Super high standard, quick and clean service. Also cheaper than I had been quoted elsewhere. Thank you.
15:38 28 May 18
Reasonably priced - excellent standard of work - would recommend!
12:55 26 Apr 18
We have always had first class service from Tony. He is always on time for site meetings and he is prompt with quotes. He has vast experience and will always answer any questions and help out where he can. The work is first class and competitively priced. Would highly recommend for any job large or small.
08:05 26 Apr 18
Always professional, fantastic Company. Have used them for many years and would highly recommend their services.